Malnutrition is either the excess availability or under-availability of some nutrients. Malnutrition can cause chronic health problems like heart disease, eye problem, stunted growth and a host of others.
Based on studies, it is known that malnutrition affects many people globally. For some countries, malnutrition is prevalent while it is on a low ebb in other countries.
When under-nutrition is in play, it implies that the individual is not getting enough micronutrients, protein or calories. So, symptoms like stunted growth, underweight and others are likely to occur.
For over-nutrition, it implies that some nutrients are taken in excess and it results in obesity or overweight. Individuals who are under-nourished have deficiencies in vitamins like Vitamin A, and minerals like Zinc and iodine. And the same thing applies with over-nutrition.
An individual can be overweight from too much consumption of calories. And foods that contribute to over-nutrition are fried foods, and foods that have a high sugar and fat content.
The causes of malnutrition stems from medical, economic and environmental conditions.
One of the common causes is food insecurity, which is a condition whereby there is no ample access to affordable and sufficient food. And this is a problem that is common in developing nations, and fewer incidences in developed countries.
Digestive problems, excessive alcohol consumption, mental health problems and amongst others are the reasons why malnutrition exists.
In order to help prevent and treat malnutrition, it is important to address the underlying causes and this is the role of independent organizations, Government agencies and schools.
There is a huge need to educate people on the numerous benefits of eating healthy and the disadvantages of not eating healthy.
If you think you are malnourished or you know someone who is, it is best to reach out to a healthcare provider to assist. Malnourishment is not a good condition for the body, because the health and wellness of the individual is at stake. For a good and healthy lifestyle, it is important to stick to a great diet plan.